Buddhism = enlightenment.
Zen = universal mind.
Shaolin Zen CyberTemple
Shaolin Zen Buddhism is “Chan Buddhism” which is what the Japanese changed and now call Zen Buddhism.
Chan Buddhism originated in Northern China at the Shaolin Temple on Mt. Songshan. Bodhidharma is the founder of Chan or Zen Buddhism.
Since Americans refer to this off-shoot of Mahayana Buddhism as, “Zen Buddhism,” we will also.
Why do the Japanese sit and meditate? Because Kung Fu was illegal in Japan. To be a Zen Buddhist, you must do Kung Fu. The Japanese found that they would not be executed if they substituted sitting meditation for the Kung Fu exercises. Unfortunately, this lack of exercising is the opposite of what Zen Buddhism is about: being healthier and living longer. Sitting with your legs crossed reduces blood circulation. Doing Kung Fu increases blood circulation.